The Parc de la Ciutadella, Barcelona"s urban "green lung
", is no ordinary park. In 1869, the demolition of the military citadel, built a century earlier by Philip V, was highly significant for a boom Barcelona with its sights firmly set on the 1888 Universal Exhibition
. The result was a park which the architect Josep Fontseré
adapted to the needs of the world fair.
This large park with lots of open space is also known as the Parc l"Escorxador (so named because it stands on the site of the old municipal slaughterhouse: escorxador in Catalan) and is used by visitors and locals from Barcelona"s Eixample Esquerra to relax. This great urban "lung", full of possibilities, is located at the south-west end of the neighbourhood and is the perfect appetiser before you begin exploring the monumental Plaça Espanya.
Behind Tibidabo"s iconic outline, there lies a wealth of woodland and fields: a protected park where a wide variety of Mediterranean flora and fauna brings us into contact with nature just 15 minutes away from the bustling city. This is Barcelona"s great green "lung"
Gaudí better encapsulates the complete and perfect harmony of nature and architecture than Barcelona"s Park Güell.
Initially designed as an English-style garden-city – hence the name Park – it eventually became Barcelona"s most unusual public park.
There is no doubt that this park is the green jewel of the Horta and Guinardó district. It was designed in 1792 by the Italian engineer Domenico Bagutti, as an initiative of the owner of the estate Joan Desvalls, the Marquis of Llupià and Alfarràs.