Museums & exhibition centres
On 13th February 1937, Barcelona was subjected to the first of the 192 bombing raids by Franco"s army. This attack made the civilian population the unwitting protagonists of the war. The Passive Defence Board was set up in order to tackle the situation and save the lives of the local residents. The first shelters were set up in the basements of houses and in metro stations. However, as the bombings intensified, people joined together to build air-raid shelters.
A convent of Barefoot Augustinians had stood at the end of Barcelona"s La Rambla
since 1626. The present Centre d"Art Santa Mònica is a Renaissance building that had suffered the vicissitudes of the French occupation in 1811, and, after that, it had many different uses that altered its original layout. It was used as a straw warehouse, a gendarmerie, a centre for military operations, etc. In 1984, it was refurbished and converted into an Arts and Culture Centre of Barcelona by the architects Helio Piñón and Albert Viaplana
. The centre opened in 1988 and in 2003, Viaplana continued with the refurbishment project, with the opening of a new entrance on the Rambla, a new entrance to the cloister and the creation of a second gallery.
Standing 262 metres above sea level, the Turó de la Rovira is a natural viewing point that boasts 360º views of the city. It was also a strategic site for the defence of Barcelona during the Spanish Civil War.
A baroque building welcomes you in Barcelona"s Rambla
, past Carme street, and it will awaken your curiosity because its highly-decorated façade and the interior courtyard and staircases give a glimpse of wealth and power. Go inside Palau de la Virreina and maybe you will be surprised by some art exhibition organised there.
The CCCB, which is housed in the former workhouse building, the "Casa de la Caritat", is one of the major infrastructures from the 1990s. All its activities focus on the theme of the city and urban phenomena, analysed from every point of view and cultural discipline.